During the reign of her grandfather, King George V, Elizabeth was born at 2:40 a.m. (GMT) on April 21, 1926. Duke of York (later King George VI) was the second of the monarch’s six children.



Heir to the Scottish aristocracy Claude Bowes-Lyon, he was also the youngest son of the 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne. The Duchess of York (later Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother) was born to this family.

Queen Elizabeth
Queen Elizabeth

Her maternal grandfather’s London home at 17 Bruton Street, Mayfair, was the site of her Caesarean section delivery.



On 29 May, the Archbishop of York, Cosmo Gordon Lang, baptized her in the private chapel of Buckingham Palace and christened her Elizabeth, Alexandra, and Mary in honor of her mother, Elizabeth; her paternal great-grandmother, Alexandra; and her maternal grandmother, Mary.

When her grandpa George V became seriously ill in 1929, she made regular visits to him and was credited in the press and by biographers with helping him recover. She was known as “Lilibet” by her family, which was based on what she named herself initially.

How Long Will Elizabeth be Queen?

As a 21-year-old on her birthday, Elizabeth promised to serve the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth for the rest of her life. The queen has made it clear that she intends to keep her word.

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