Rwanda is an East African country that gained independence from Belgium in 1962, but the post-colonial period was marred by ethnically motivated violence.

This violence culminated in the 1994 Rwandan genocide, which resulted in the deaths of over 800.000 Tutsi individuals, including thousands of Hutus who were either part of the opposition or refused to participate in the killings.

People of Rwanda
People of Rwanda

Following the civil war, the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grew at an exceptional rate, reaching 8% in 2005.



Rwanda has a lengthy and tumultuous past. The position of numerous ethnic groups in pre-colonial Rwanda has also been influenced by a post-colonial history marked by internal struggle and ethnic genocide.

Academics, politicians, and the general public are divided over Rwanda’s early history, particularly the role and character of the country’s three largest ethnic groups, the Twa, Hutu, and Tutsi.

Some believe that by embracing and perpetuating the colonialist premise that Hutu, Twa, and Tutsi peoples were different “races,” historians were implicated in fueling post-colonial violence and genocide in Rwanda.

What is Rwanda biggest problem?

Rwanda has been named a poor country with an economy based largely on subsistence agriculture.

The country’s efforts to expand its economy have been severely hampered by a scarcity of arable land and a rapid rate of population expansion. Rwanda’s political and societal instability has had major economic consequences since 1959.

Rwanda’s economic development has been hampered by intense demographic pressure, a scarcity of agricultural land, and a lack of access to the Indian Ocean.

In 1994, new hurdles surfaced when a slew of societal issues wreaked havoc on the country’s economy.

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